Synod Hospital, Durtlang, Mizoram

Synod Hospital is a multispeciality secondary hospital located in Durtlang, on the outskirts of Aizawl, the capital of the state of Mizoram. We provide quality medical care at affordable rates, with our primary focus on the poor and the needy.

From our humble beginning of one doctor, one nurse and fourteen beds in 1928, we have progressed to being the largest hospital in the state with 355 beds at present. The growth, though not very dramatic, is nevertheless steady, keeping pace with the needs of the people we serve.


The beginning – A dispensary

Dr. Peter Fraser, Synod Hospital, Durtlang

Dr Peter Fraser, B.Sc, MD from Caernarfon, Wales was the first missionary doctor to arrive in Mizoram, which was then known as the Lushai Hills. He started medical works in the year 1908. According to records, Dr Fraser saw as many as 24,000 patients in his first year alone. He would distribute medicines in cups made of bamboo which were labelled with phrases from the Bible. In 1910, he opened a dispensary at Mission Veng and kept a few beds for those who needed admission.

Dr Fraser was a tough opponent to slavery and was against the local chiefs who kept slaves. It was said that he set 40 slaves free by paying their price out of his own money. Due to his stand against slavery, the British administration feared that it might lead to a conflict with the local chiefs, and he was subsequently forced to return to Wales in 1912.

Seven years after the departure of Dr Peter Fraser, Mr D Thianga, a trained compounder, left his government job and re-instated the dispensary.

Welsh Mission Hospital

Rev E L Mendus was the missionary in charge of education in Lushai Hills during that time. He was greatly grieved to see the sufferings of the people following the departure of Dr Peter Fraser. Late one night, he had a vision, and heard the cries of patients in despair in far off villages saying – “Is there any doctor? Isn’t there even one nurse? Save us and help us.” He was so moved by this vision that he could not think of anything else. As he was going to bed, he repeated, “Hospital, hospital. How great is the need for a hospital”.

Following this, Rev E L Mendus wrote an article titled ‘The Diary of a Jungle Missionary’ in a monthly magazine ‘The Treasury’ which was published by the Presbyterian Church of Wales.

The hillock in Durtlang, known as Derhkentlang was offered to the Church by M Suaka, the chief of Durtlang village. This offer was heartily accepted by the church. It is interesting to note that the village of Durtlang was founded by M Suaka for Christian refugees who faced persecution by their families and society because of their faith. Derhkentlang became the headquarters of the North East Presbytery and the Theological school was shifted there. Compounder D Thianga also shifted the dispensary from Mission Veng to Durtlang in 1924.

Dr John Williams LMP, arrived in Lushai Hills on 22nd February 1928 and settled at Durtlang. He was christened Pu Daka by the locals. With the help of only two trained staff, namely compounder D Thianga and staff nurse Tlawmkungi, he converted the old theological school building and used it to establish the hospital. The hospital beds were procured from the old theological school hostel, and thus with the admission of the first patient on 6th March 1928, the hospital at Durtlang was inaugurated and named the ‘Welsh Mission Hospital’. In order to augment the nursing services, Dr Williams started a school of nursing the same year. The first student was a 16-year-old local girl named Khuangi, who continued to work for the hospital after her training until 1936.

Subsequent important timeline

  • 7th January 1929Miss Winfred Margaret, the first missionary nurse arrived at Durtlang.
  • 1930Miss Diahzingi, a local, joined the hospital after completing her nursing course from Roberts Hospital, Shillong.
  • 1933The arrival of the second missionary nurse Miss Eirlys Williams.
  • 1st February 1934Dr HK Thanglura LMP, the first Mizo doctor to work for the Welsh Mission was recruited.
  • 11th March 1936Missionary nurse Miss Gladys M Evans arrived and joined the hospital. She had a strong desire to serve people in remote areas and was responsible for the opening of rural health centres. She served for 27 years and was the longest-serving missionary nurse in Mizoram.
  • November 1937The arrival of Dr Gyneth Parul Roberts B.Sc, M.B.B.Ch., who was one of the longest-serving missionaries in Mizoram. She dedicated 23 years of her life in the service of God and the Mizos.
  • 1939The fourth missionary nurse Miss Anne Dorothy Harries arrived.
  • 1941Sister D Imogen P Roberts, the fifth missionary nurse arrived and joined the hospital.
  • July 1951The second Mizo doctor Dr RK Nghakliana joined after completing his MBBS from Christian Medical College, Vellore.
  • 1954The arrival of Miss May Bounds, who had already worked at different places in Wales and attained the rank of Sister before coming to Mizoram. She spent a total of 15 years with the Welsh Mission.
  • 29th February 1958The first ever X-ray machine in Mizoram was purchased and commissioned for use.

During the period of the Welsh Mission, a number of doctors had come to serve the hospital during the furlough of the resident doctors, namely – Dr Lallo from 1946-1947 & 1956-1957, Dr Bonar Lindsay for a short period in 1953 & 1955, and Dr Sangliana, Dr Challiankimi and Dr Lalengi, each for a short duration.

Presbyterian Church Synod Hospital

The political climate in our country began to forebode uncertainty for the missionaries, and it became clear that the era of missionaries was coming to an end. Anticipating this, the Welsh Mission handed over the ownership and management of the hospital, including the land, buildings and all its assets to the Synod of the Presbyterian Church of Mizoram on 28th February 1958. The name of the hospital was changed from the ‘Welsh Mission Hospital’ to the ‘Presbyterian Church Synod Hospital’.

Among other things specified, Charter No. 4 of the handover stated that – ‘the hospital shall continue to serve the purposes for which it was originally founded, namely to treat and care for the sick and to train nurses in a Christian atmosphere. This implies that the work of the hospital is an important evangelizing activity in its own right.’

The name of the hospital was changed to ‘Presbyterian Hospital’ in 1994, and subsequently to ‘Synod Hospital’ in 2012.


The hospital is governed by a board constituted by the Presbyterian Church of India, Mizoram Synod. The Mizoram Synod moderator is Chairman of the Board, and the hospital director, the Board Secretary. The members consist of representatives from all the Presbyteries under the Mizoram Synod, eight nominated members, eight ex-officio members and two representatives from the hospital. The Governing Board meets twice a year. And to manage the day-to-day running of the hospital, a Board Executive Committee (BEC) is instituted, which meets if and when necessary.


The hospital is a mission hospital run by incomes of the hospital and contributions of the churches through Mizoram Synod. Minimal charges are levied for services, medicines, food and accommodation. In order to accommodate everyone, especially the economically disadvantageous groups, the deficit is filled in by the Mizoram Synod. In spite of this, the hospital has managed to thrive and grow at a steady rate, proving that money alone does not sustain an institution. Rather it is the good governance, goodwill and un-ending prayers and support of the churches that gives us sustenance. In the present day, the number of patients who have not been able to pay their hospital bills is gradually increasing, and this apparent financial problem renders us a great missionary challenge, and achievement at the same time.

Our Partners

We work closely with the following organizations to deliver health care services :

Outreach Program


Outreach program has always been an integral part of our service since the days of the Welsh medical missionaries. The first village dispensary was established on 18th May, 1954 at Sawleng, approximately 100 kilometres from Durtlang. Miss Gladys M Evans (Pi Hruaii) along with Sister Lianchhungi were in-charge of the programme. Following Sawleng, dispensaries were also established at Sihfa, Chhawrtui and Pukzing. These dispensaries were kept well supplied with trained staff, medicines and equipments. However, with the growth and development of government health care facilities in rural areas over the years, they were gradually closed down.

Current Modus Operandi

Although we no longer run dispensaries, we regularly organize mobile clinics on a regular basis throughout the year with the help and support of local churches and NGO’s. The team usually comprises of a couple of doctors, including specialist doctors, staff nurses, laboratory and ophthalmic technicians, and pharmacist along with a huge stock of medicines. Apart from routine consultations, the team sometime holds public meetings and awareness campaigns on topics like HIV/AIDS, maternal and child health etc.

Mobile Clinics 2018

DatePlaceNo. of patients
17th Jan 2018Zawlpui92
18th Jan 2018Putlungasih72
15th Feb 2018Meidum/Pangbalkawn379
12th Mar 2018Mualpheng414
13th Mar 2018Mamit432
30th Apr 2018Khatla467
29th Jun 2018West Phaileng311
22nd Sep 2018Chawnpui274
28th Oct 2018East Lungdar618
30th Oct 2018Bungtlang222


The Mizoram Presbyterian Church Synod held in 1979 decided that a full time chaplain should be stationed within the hospital campus. The first chaplain was Rev Lalthanga, who started in the year 1980. A chaplaincy committee was set up the same year, and the first meeting was held on the 24th of July 1980 at the Medical Superintendent’s bungalow.

Our Chaplain’s work is mainly concerned with

  • Visiting patients admitted in the wards, offering prayers and counselling whenever required
  • Praying for the bereaved families in times of death at any hours of the day
  • Conducting prayer services at the hospital chapel for the hospital staffs and patients
  • Attending morning devotions at different units on a regular basis
  • Organising annual retreat programme for hospital staffs
  • Devotion and bible class for nursing students

Past and present Chaplains

  • 1Rev Lalthanga (1980-1982)
  • 2Rev Chanchinmawia (Late) (1983-1986)
  • 3Rev Lalnghakliana Pautu (1987-1993)
  • 4Rev C Sangliana (1994-2000)
  • 5Rev Vansawma (2001-2003)
  • 6Rev K Ramliana (2004)
  • 7Rev V Lawmkima (2005-2008)
  • 8Rev RS Rokima (2005-2010)
  • 9Rev C Lalbiakhluna (2009-2013)
  • 10Rev K Lalfakzuala (2011-2013)
  • 11Rev R Ramdinmawia (2014- present)
  • 12Rev H Biakthansanga (2014- present)
  • 13Rev HC Khaicho (2014- present)
  • 14Rev H Lalzuiliana (2019- present)